The Uyghurs´ country has been named variously throughout in its long history by the Uyghurs themselves and by outsiders in different periods. The most commonly used names are:
Hun, Gök Turk Empire, Uighur Empire , Uyghur Dovleti, Western Region, Tatary, Kara-Khanids Khanate (Kingdom), Chaghatay, Kashgaria, Turkistan, Uyghuristan, East Turkistan , Chinese Turkistan, Xinjiang (Sinkiang), Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Uyghur Region
Xinjiang (Uyghur شىنجاڭ (Xinjang); Chinese: 新疆; Pinyin: Xīnjiāng; Wade-Giles: Postal map spelling: Sinkiang) is an autonomous region of the People´s Republic of China. It is a large, sparsely populated area which takes up about one sixth of the country´s territory. Xinjiang borders the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south and Qinghai (Kok-nur) and Gansu (Keng-su) provinces to the southeast, Mongolia to the east, Russia to the north, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and the Pakistan- and India-controlled parts of Kashmir to the west. It administers most of Aksai Chin, a region claimed by India as part of Jammu and Kashmir.
"Xinjiang" or "Ice Jecen" in Manchu, literally means "New Frontier", a name given during the Manchu in China.
It is home to a number of Turkic ethnic groups, the largest of which are the Uyghurs. The region is often referred to as Chinese Turkestan or East Turkestan.